Background: Guinea pigs have become very popular in the pet trade and have been extensively bred for colour and coat mutations. They should not be considered as just a children’s pet, as many guinea pigs presented to vets are kept by adults who have the same veterinary expectations for these animals as they would have for dogs and cats. Therefore, it is very important that vets have a working knowledge of guinea pig anatomy and physiology in order to expedite an appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic plan. This is especially true of guinea pigs as they are capable of sudden rapid deterioration in their clinical condition. As with all exotics, the provision of supportive care forms a cornerstone in their rehabilitation.
Aim of the article: This article provides a guide to dealing with guinea pigs and an overview of the common conditions they present with.