Obstructed left retrocaval ureter in a dog

28 May 2020

Schwarz, T., Simpson, M., Saunders, J., Bommer, N.

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Retrocaval ureters form due to a congenital malformation of the caudal vena cava. This anomaly has been reported in cats and is usually incidental. Retrocaval ureters are rare in dogs, but have been associated with ureteral obstruction. When presented with a dog with hydroureter and hydronephrosis, an obstructed retrocaval ureter should be considered as a rare differential. This case report describes a left retrocaval ureter causing ureterohydronephrosis diagnosed by CT.