Refeeding syndrome is common in small ruminants receiving parenteral nutrition

25 Jul 2020

Vet Record Image

D Luethy, D Stefanovski, RW Sweeney

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2020)

doi: 10.1111/jvim.15840

• What did the research find?

Eleven of the 20 animals in this study (55 per cent) developed refeeding syndrome after receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). The mean minimum serum phosphorus concentration in animals with refeeding syndrome was 1.96 ± 0.69 mg/dl. The survival rate did not differ significantly between those that developed refeeding syndrome and those that did not (P=0.09). However, mean serum phosphorus concentration was significantly lower in non-survivors (1.88 ± 0.10 mg/dl) than in survivors (4.32 ± 0.70 mg/dl) (P=0.006).

• How was it conducted?

The medical records for the 13 goats and seven sheep that received PN while hospitalised at a large animal hospital between 2010 and 2018 were examined. Signalment, presenting complaint, physical examination findings, serum electrolyte concentrations after initiation of PN and long-term outcomes were extracted for each animal. Univariate...